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苯甲酸

苯甲酸用途

Benzoic Acid是一种天然存在于许多植物中的芳香醇,是食品,饮料,化妆品和其他产品的常用添加剂。 它通过抑制细菌和真菌作为防腐剂。
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苯甲酸名称

[ CAS 号 ]:
65-85-0

[ 中文名 ]:
苯甲酸

[ 英文名 ]:
benzoic acid

[中文别名 ]:

[英文别名 ]:

苯甲酸生物活性

[ 描述 ]:

Benzoic Acid是一种天然存在于许多植物中的芳香醇,是食品,饮料,化妆品和其他产品的常用添加剂。 它通过抑制细菌和真菌作为防腐剂。

[ 相关类别 ]:

研究领域 >> 感染
信号通路 >> 抗感染 >> 真菌
信号通路 >> 抗感染 >> 细菌

[溶解度]

体外:

在DMSO中10mM


[储备液]

1 mM 8.1887 mL 40.9433 mL 81.8867 mL
5 mM 1.6377 mL 8.1887 mL 16.3773 mL
10 mM 0.8189 mL 4.0943 mL 8.1887 mL

[存储]

粉末 -20°C 3年
  4°C 2年
在溶剂中 -80°C 6月
  -20°C 1月

[运输]

美国大陆的室温;可能会有所不同

[SMILES]

O=C(O)C1=CC=CC=C1

[参考文献]

[1]. Nair B, et al. Final report on the safety assessment of Benzyl Alcohol, Benzoic Acid, and Sodium Benzoate. Int J Toxicol. 2001;20 Suppl 3:23-50.

苯甲酸物理化学性质

[ 密度 ]:
1.2±0.1 g/cm3

[ 沸点 ]:
249.3±9.0 °C at 760 mmHg

[ 熔点 ]:
121-125 °C(lit.)

[ 分子式 ]:
C7H6O2

[ 分子量 ]:
122.12

[ 闪点 ]:
121.1±0.0 °C

[ 精确质量 ]:
122.036781

[ PSA ]:
37.30000

[ LogP ]:
1.89

[ 外观性状 ]:
白色晶体或粉末

[ 蒸汽密度 ]:
4.21 (vs air)

[ 蒸汽压 ]:
0.0±0.5 mmHg at 25°C

[ 折射率 ]:
1.564

[ 储存条件 ]:
通风低温干燥,与氧化剂分开存放

[ 稳定性 ]:
Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong bases, strong oxidizing agents, alkalies.

[ 水溶解性 ]:
Slightly soluble. 0.34 g/100 mL

苯甲酸MSDS

苯甲酸毒性和生态

CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION

RTECS NUMBER :
DG0875000
CHEMICAL NAME :
Benzoic acid
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER :
65-85-0
LAST UPDATED :
199712
DATA ITEMS CITED :
28
MOLECULAR FORMULA :
C7-H6-O2
MOLECULAR WEIGHT :
122.13
WISWESSER LINE NOTATION :
QVR

HEALTH HAZARD DATA

ACUTE TOXICITY DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human
TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration into the eye
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human
DOSE/DURATION :
6 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - dyspnea Skin and Appendages - dermatitis, allergic (after systemic exposure)
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - man
DOSE/DURATION :
500 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
1700 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LC50 - Lethal concentration, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
>26 mg/m3/1H
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Sense Organs and Special Senses (Eye) - lacrimation Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity)
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
1600 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
1700 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
1940 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - respiratory depression Gastrointestinal - other changes
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
1460 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
2 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
>10 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
2 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
2 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
1400 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Amphibian - frog
DOSE/DURATION :
100 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
1200 mg/m3/4W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - fibrosis (interstitial) Related to Chronic Data - death

MUTATION DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
DNA inhibition
TEST SYSTEM :
Human Lymphocyte
DOSE/DURATION :
5 mmol/L
REFERENCE :
PNASA6 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. (National Academy of Sciences, Printing & Pub. Office, 2101 Constitution Ave., Washington, DC 20418) V.1- 1915- Volume(issue)/page/year: 79,1171,1982 *** U.S. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS *** EPA FIFRA 1988 PESTICIDE SUBJECT TO REGISTRATION OR RE-REGISTRATION FEREAC Federal Register. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) V.1- 1936- Volume(issue)/page/year: 54,7740,1989 *** NIOSH STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT AND SURVEILLANCE DATA *** NIOSH OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE SURVEY DATA : NOHS - National Occupational Hazard Survey (1974) NOHS Hazard Code - 10210 No. of Facilities: 2798 (estimated) No. of Industries: 35 No. of Occupations: 52 No. of Employees: 77830 (estimated) NOES - National Occupational Exposure Survey (1983) NOES Hazard Code - 10210 No. of Facilities: 9179 (estimated) No. of Industries: 85 No. of Occupations: 81 No. of Employees: 155176 (estimated) No. of Female Employees: 55139 (estimated)
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苯甲酸安全信息

[ 符号 ]:

GHS05, GHS08

[ 信号词 ]:
Danger

[ 危害声明 ]:
H315-H318-H372

[ 警示性声明 ]:
P280-P305 + P351 + P338 + P310-P314

[ 靶器官 ]:
Lungs

[ 个人防护装备 ]:
dust mask type N95 (US);Eyeshields;Faceshields;Gloves

[ 危害码 (欧洲) ]:
Xn:Harmful

[ 风险声明 (欧洲) ]:
R22;R36/37/38;R42/43

[ 安全声明 (欧洲) ]:
S26-S45-S37/39-S24-S22-S36/37-S24/25-S23-S53

[ 危险品运输编码 ]:
UN 3077 9/PG 3

[ WGK德国 ]:
1

[ RTECS号 ]:
DG0875000

[ 海关编码 ]:
4002191900

苯甲酸合成路线

苯甲酸上下游产品

苯甲酸制备

【方法一】
由甲苯直接液相氧化而得。
由邻苯二甲酸以氧化铅、氧化锌等为催化剂脱羧而得。
由甲苯氯化成三氯甲苯,再用石灰乳及铁粉水解而得。
【方法二】
苯甲酸虽可由甲苯氯化法和邻苯二甲酸脱羧法制得,但目前国内外普遍采用的工业生产方法为以甲苯为原料的液相催化空气氧化法。
将溶有催化剂(萘酸钴、环烷酸钴或醋酸钴)的甲苯和空气分别连续泵入氧化塔(或釜)中,在140~165℃和0.3~0.4MPa的压力下氧化生成苯甲酸。塔顶尾气用冷凝和活性炭吸附的方法回收甲苯后放空;塔釜反应液经常压初馏回收未反应的甲苯、苯甲醇和苯甲醛等轻组分后,再减压蒸馏得苯甲酸;回收的甲苯等返回氧化塔,甲苯的单程转化率可控制在35%以上。
国内每吨苯甲酸的消耗为甲苯1025~1500kg,环烷酸钴约4kg;国外甲苯消耗为每吨820kg。
2C6CH5CH3+3O2[钴盐]→2C6H5COOH
【方法三】
苯甲酸虽可由甲苯氯化法和邻苯二甲酸脱羧法制得,但目前国内外普遍采用的工业生产方法为以甲苯为原料的液相催化空气氧化法。
将溶有催化剂(奈酸钴、环烷酸钴或醋酸钴)的甲苯和空气分别连续泵入氧化塔(或釜)中,再140-165℃和0.3-0.4MPa的压力下氧化生成苯甲酸。塔顶尾气用冷凝和活性炭吸附的方法回收甲苯后放空;塔釜反应液经常压初馏回收未反应的甲苯、苯甲醇和苯甲醛等轻组分后,再减压蒸馏得苯甲酸;回收的甲苯等返回氧化塔,甲苯的单程转化率可控制在35%以上。
国内每吨苯甲酸的消耗为甲苯1025-1500kg,环烷酸钴约4kg;国外甲苯消耗为每吨820kg。
【方法四】
最初由安息香胶干馏或用碱水水解制得,亦可由马尿酸水解制得。苯甲酸的工业生产方法有甲苯液相空气氧化法、次苄基三氯水解法及苯酐脱羧法三种,而以甲苯液相空气氧化法最普遍。甲苯和空气通入盛有环烷酸钴催化剂的反应器中,在反应温度140-160℃,操作压力0.2-0.3MPa的条件下进行反应,生成苯甲酸,经蒸去未反应的甲苯得粗苯甲酸,再经减压蒸馏,重结晶得成品。用邻苯二甲酸酐脱羧法所得最终产品不易精制,而且生产成本高,只在批量不大的医药等产品的制造过程中采用。甲苯氯化法的产品不适于应用于食品。苯甲酸有工业用、食品用、医药用等不同规格。食品级应符合GB1901-80,含量在99.5%以上,熔点121-123℃,并对易氧化物、易碳化物、含氯化合物、灼烧残渣、重金属、砷含量等质量指标作了规定。原料消耗定额:甲苯1140kg/t、环烷酸钴4kg/t。此外,由甲苯生产苯甲醛时可副产苯甲酸。
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苯甲酸海关

[ 海关编码 ]: 4002191900

苯甲酸文献

Antimicrobial activity of natural products from the flora of Northern Ontario, Canada.

Pharm. Biol. 53(6) , 800-6, (2015)

The number of multidrug resistant (MDR) microorganisms is increasing and the antimicrobial resistance expressed by these pathogens is generating a rising global health crisis. In fact, there are only ...

Chemical profile and biological activities of Veronica thymoides subsp. pseudocinerea.

Pharm. Biol. 53(3) , 334-9, (2015)

In Turkey, Veronica species (Plantaginaceae) have been used as a diuretic and for wound healing in traditional medicine.To examine the fatty acid and essential oil profiles, the antioxidant, anticholi...

Degradation of anti-inflammatory drug ketoprofen by electro-oxidation: comparison of electro-Fenton and anodic oxidation processes.

Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. Int. 21(14) , 8406-16, (2014)

The electrochemical degradation of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug ketoprofen in tap water has been studied using electro-Fenton (EF) and anodic oxidation (AO) processes with platinium (Pt) an...


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公司名:宝鸡市国康生物科技有限公司

区域:宝鸡市渭滨区

价格:
¥需询单/1ton

联系人:孙经理

产品详情:苯甲酸


公司名:上海吉至生化科技有限公司

区域:上海市奉贤区

价格:
¥98.0/500g ¥178.0/250mg

联系人:王晓燕

产品详情:苯甲酸


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【苯甲酸】化源网提供苯甲酸CAS号65-85-0,苯甲酸MSDS及其说明、性质、英文名、生产厂家、作用/用途、分子量、密度、沸点、熔点、结构式等。CAS号查询苯甲酸上化源网,专业又轻松。>>电脑版:苯甲酸

标题:苯甲酸_MSDS_用途_密度_苯甲酸CAS号【65-85-0】_化源网 地址:https://m.chemsrc.com/mip/cas/65-85-0_951954.html